A find rising in France was organised
and led by baksha Namajal Nimbushov
(1875-1944), spiritual head of Kalmyks
|The Kalmyks belong to
the Gelugpa ("Yellow
Hat") order of Tibetan Buddhism. They were
converted from their earlier Shamanistic beliefs to Lamanism shortly before
they reached the Lower Volga area. Until the tragic exodus in 1771, the
Kalmyks were able to maintain direct contacts with Tibetan religious
centers and many monks received advanced education in Tibetan lamaseries.
The Dalai Lamas have always been recognized by the Kalmyks as their spiritual
and religious authorities.
We see that their Buddhism is more close to Syncretism, which people believe that there is one God, there is paradise and hell with traditional beliefs of Shamanism. There is some strong evidence that shamanism continues as part of the religious heritage. The Kalmyk are the only European Buddhist people.
|TOC > The Opening ceremony > The consecration|